Maharajah of Patiala, Yadavindra Singh. Patiala Necklace. Weighing almost a 1000 carats, Patiala necklace was made for the Maharaja in 1928 by Cartier, the bib-like Art Deco necklace featured five rows of diamond-encrusted platinum chains and over-sized gems. It included as its center piece the famous De Beers diamond, a cushion-cut pale yellow diamond weighing 234.69 carats.
Origin of Indian Jewellery
The story of India’s fascination with jewellery begins 5,000 years ago in the Indus Valley.
For more than 2,000 years, India was the sole supplier of gemstones to the world. Golconda diamonds, sapphires from Kashmir and pearls from the Gulf of Mannar were coveted and drew merchants across land and sea to India. For the rulers, jewels were a statement of power, prosperity and prestige. But for Indian women, jewellery was, and is, in many parts considered a social and economic security, the value of which will almost always appreciate, never depreciate.
Presenting the Official Trailer of Padmavati starring Deepika Padukone, Ranveer Singh, Shahid Kapoor, Aditi Rao Hydari and Jim Sarbh. Viacom18 Motion Pictures and Bhansali Productions present Padmavati, Directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali and produced by Sudhanshu Vats, Ajit Andhare & Sanjay Leela Bhansali.
Set in 1303 AD medieval India, Padmavati is the story of honour, valour and obsession. Queen Padmavati is known for her exceptional beauty along with a strong sense of justice and is the wife of Maharawal Ratan Singh and pride of the Kingdom of Chittor, a prosperous kingdom in the north-west of India. The legend of her beauty reaches the reigning sultan of Hindustan – Allaudin Khilji. The sultan who is a tyrant is fixated on wanting anything that is of exceptional beauty for himself. He lays siege on the impregnable fortress of Chittorgarh. After a gruelling 6 months, He returns back to Delhi empty-handed. This becomes obsessed and now wants to capture Chittor and its Queen at any cost. He returns back with a bigger army and raging fury. He attacks Chittor with brutal force and a bloody and fearsome battle takes places between the righteous Maha Rawal Ratan Singh defending his kingdom and the honour of his queen and Sultan Alauddin Khilji manages to breach the fortress but in vain as the Queen chooses to make the ultimate sacrifice to protect her dignity.
THE DOOR TO GOD
Hair accessories are connected to Sahasrara – 7 chakra that is located on the crown. The Sahasrara Chakra is also know as the "Thousand-Petalled Lotus", "Brahmarandra"(the door to God) or the "Centre of a Million Rays" because it radiates like the Sun. These adornments symbolize confluence of male and female principles that present a woman as the one keeping sacraments of marriage and giving new life to the family.
CONSOLATION IN PAIN AND SUFFERING
Ear lobes decoration. Karn Phool are massive earrings in the shape of a flower or a branch with fruits. They bring consolation in pain and suffering. The bigger the earrings are, the higher spiritual powers a woman has, the more divine consolation she gets. Therefore among Hindu women earrings so heavy are spread that they need to be additionally affixed with chains.
THE CHAKRA OF STAMINA
Waist decoration. Manipura chakra is located in the region of solar plexus – it is the chakra of stamina. To enhance it the Kamarband is worn over sari – a band for either waist or thighs, embellished with various precious stones. Upon marriage keys are put on it to symbolize handing over of household from a mother-in-law to a bride.
Hands decoration. Among them churi are obligatory for married women – thin bangles worn in sets of 8, 12 or 24 pieces on both hands. Their tingle signifies presence of a woman and attracts husband’s attention to her.
Decoration of fingers. On all the fingers numerous rings and/or adornment of 8 chains that are bound with rings and bracelets are worn. Specifically adornment of thumb – Arsi – is distinguished. It is a peculiar ring with a mirror. Fables read that right after waking up woman has to see her face – that’s the function this ring performs. It protects beauty and emotional state of a woman. Thumb is chosen because it is considered the king of the palm.
Adornment for nose – Nath. In early age girls have their nose pierced on the left side – that’s women’s side. Piercing point is responsible for humility. To decorate it they use all kinds of earrings – rings and studs that can be accessorized with chains and are affixed to hair behind ear.
Decoration of a spot on the forehead – Bindi. Ajna chakra is located there – the very spot that symbolizes the third eye; its decoration helps activate divine feminine knowledge, wisdom and elevated intuition. This is the main distinction of a married woman.
HARMONIOUS MELODIC SOUND
Anklets. These may by thin chains or heavy thick bracelets, sometimes jingles are attached to them. Bells are supposed to attract attention of men – their sound is like a song to a man’s ear. In ancient times girls were even taught a special gait for those bells to have a harmonious melodic sound.
Neck decoration is called Haar. It can be all kinds of bead strings or necklaces, normally they are pretty massive and long in order to touch a couple chakras at once – Vishuddha and Anahata. It is believed that they emphasize mystic centers to attract love and protect it from jinx and envy.
Sure enough, wearing adornments by Hindu women has to do with religiousness. By wearing adornments a woman intensifies her energy centre points – chakras. Currently yoga practice is widely spread among us to aim primarily at cleaning them – this is harmonization of energy on spiritual level. However, one can intensify “chakra sound” on a physical level – for that the Hindu use accessories among other things. The thing is that a certain body segment corresponds to each chakra. Through its proper decoration harmonization of sensations takes place. Thus, Hindu women foster their spirituality through external manifestations.
POWER OF LOVE
Mehndi – designs on body done with henna. It is used to decorate hands and feet in order to propitiate Ganesha god who bears down obstacles on the way of love. In marriage Mehndi means the power of love: the brighter the pattern, the stronger feelings are.
THE SACRED SANCTITY OF INDIAN COWS
Since thousands of years, we worship cow as “Kamadhenu”, the God who fulfills our desires. Cows are venerated as the earthly embodiment of Kamadhenu. We worship cow as the mother of all entities, which gives all pleasures to everyone. Even when a mother is unable to feed her baby with milk, the cow’s milk meets the need.
THE MAHARAJA WHO LOVED HORSES
Maharaja Ranjit Singh owned 1,000 horses but when he heard about a Persian horse whose speed was legendary he bought it for 12 billion rupees and 1,000 soldiers, when a horse of the finest qualities would only cost less than 20,000 rupees. His horse wore gold bangles on his legs and the Koh-i-Noor 105 carat diamond around his neck. The Koh-i-noor diamond was gifted to Queen Victoria which is valued at $10-$12 billion dollars and is now in the Tower of London.
CAMELS OF RAJASTHAN
Decorating the camels is a very special art!! The Jaisalmer Desert Festival is an annual event that take place in February month in the beautiful city Jaisalmer. It is held in the Hindu month of Magh (February), three days prior to the full moon. The festival is celebrated amidst the beautiful dunes of the Thar Desert in the Sam dunes. Romantic, remote and unspoiled, the location comes to life during the three day extravaganza of the delights of the desert.
Ganesh, the elephant-headed god, is venerated as one of the highest deities in the Hindu religion. Many temples in southern India house an elephant for worshippers to visit.